Study on the Policy and Legal System of Driving Energy Transformation


Research summary

Legal System and Social Governance of Electricity Liberalization

Current policy on electricity liberalization market is still only electricity generation market, so existing information on the amount of carbon emissions only in electricity generation sector, future comprehensive implementation of electricity liberalization, power transmission sector can be independent from existing state business , and even further development to sale of electricity sector competition, so in the future can be expected under power separation business, how to master cumulative transport and distribution sector carbon emissions data, energy conservation and carbon reduction thinking and strategy into electricity liberalization planning considerations, and further reflected in the amendment of electricity law, that is an important issue on power policy.

In electricity liberalization planning sector, power grid industry is generally considered to be "regulatory sector" rather than a "free competition sector" as power generation and electricity sales. Due to renewable energy supply, it is generally considered to be unstable, subject to the constraints of weather and environmental factors, and to challenge the management of power grid itself, when energy policies actively promote renewable energy and increase the proportion of renewable energy to total power generation, transmission network and distribution network how to respond to ensure its stability and security, that is the core issues in power market transformation process. Taiwan's current energy policy is related to the construction and promotion of smart grid.

On the demand side, such as after electrical liberalization, promote users directly to buy power (Power Purchase Agreement) from renewable energy power generation industry, rather than as now electricity generated by renewable energy power generation can only be purchased by Taipower, cannot be sold directly to electricity demand users, this will be able to accelerate the development of renewable energy in Taiwan. From supply side, according to the latest draft of the latest electricity law, in the short-term measures (2 years after adoption of electricity law), will open power generation, electricity sales, power grid industry (transmission and distribution industry) is exclusive state business. How to fully meet the wisdom of the power grid expansion, from smart grid of six facets, power generation and scheduling, transmission, distribution, users and other different levels to promote energy conservation and carbon reduction, to improve green application targets, worth exploring.

Energy transformation and air pollution control: ban burning coal and petroleum coke.

Air pollutants are spread across the areas in monsoon-like media, such as air pollution from Yunlin County, which not only has healthy impact on the residents of Yunlin County, but also pollutes across administrative areas through monsoon. Changhua County residents also are affected.

Moreover, cross-regional air pollution highlights the necessity and shortcomings of regional governance mechanism, partly because our air pollution control law as individual administrative regions to define responsibility, easy to cause local government limited to their own situation.

The issue of ban burning raw coal and petroleum coke comes from air pollution caused by improper use of energy and its environmental health effects. Raw coal and petroleum coke are easy to cause airborne pollutants. Article 28 (1) of Air Pollution Law stipulates that "Sale or use of raw coal, petroleum coke or other substances which cause air pollution should be checked, apply to the competent authority of municipality directly under Central Government and county (city), and go through examination and approval to permit”, and relevant sub-law is "Raw coal, petroleum coke or other substances that cause air pollution sale or use license management measures”.

The purpose of this study is to examine the legitimacy of energy use such as raw coal and petroleum coke, and to increase public environmental impact and health effects arising from improper use of energy by social initiatives and to propose relevant research and initiatives on energy transformation, to carry out Taiwan's energy transformation of the social transformation of ideological preparation, the purpose is to promote economic or industrial transformation, and to achieve environmental, social and economic sustainable development.

Copyright © 2018. 風險社會與政策研究中心.Risk Society and Policy Research Center, National Taiwan University.