Study on Risk Management and System of Air Pollution in Taiwan

Study on Risk Management and System of Air Pollution in Taiwan

Research summary

  In recent years, Taiwan's air pollution issues have been constantly fermented and warming, causing broad attention and public opinions from social and civic groups. However, the problem of air pollution is not only related to conflict between environmental protection and economic development, but also related to the health risks of our people, and even more, related to national governance under environmental justice risk distribution problem. It can be found that air pollution of human society, in fact, presents a typical risk of social characteristics, because "air and people" has close relationship, the most direct impact is physical life problem. Therefore, environmental pollution control subject of air pollution, in fact, dangerously tests of government's risk management model, if taking traditional thinking to deal with environment policies in the past, delivers a single type administrative organs of air pollution control policies, it may make government affected people conflict between distrust and protest. Therefore, the issues need to be coordinated across different government departments and cross-domain governance in order to solve environmental problems under air pollution, health hazards and environmental education and other issues.

  In air pollution control, in 1975, we developed air pollution control law, began our air quality maintenance starting point. However, with economic development, high-polluting industries also continue to grow under the context of regulatory standards are not advancing with times, there is no significant transformation of industrial physique, in such structural institutional issues, and one of the characteristics of air pollution is affected by climate, topography, photochemical reaction and so on, but with derivative, diffusion, cumulative asymmetric distribution characteristics. Its special nature of administrative control is difficult to control behavior. Even under current scientific knowledge and monitoring of air pollution, there are still problems with regulatory dilemmas. According to current situation of science, technology and knowledge, our control policies and system design makes control of air pollution control issues more dangerous, Taiwan's risk management hysteresis and information hiding, also becomes more obvious.

  In this regard, this project considers that air pollution control issues are serious and need further in-depth exploration. To follow risk society, regulatory science theories and other macro-perspective and ways, and by literature review method to study advanced countries and organizations how to deal with air pollution control; also by experts, focus groups and other research methods for more in-depth and clarify status of our air pollution control policies, standardize the standards and the dilemma of problems. Such as how to solve Taiwan central and southern industries, manufacturing counties and cities air pollution emissions affect industrial and manufacturing industries and counties pollution? At present, the allocation of air control areas in Taiwan can effectively carry out pollution control responsibility? The implementation of total air pollution control in Taiwan, the dilemma of control policies and the lack of legal system? How does government effectively carry out risk communication on air pollution?

  With the discussion of above sub-topics, to point out that under the framework of environmental risk policies, the concept and mode of cross-border risk management should be more needed in our government system; with this plan, we can promote our current Hazardous Air Pollutant, HAPs control law; more importantly, this plan attempts to put forward government to face emerging risk management challenges, should be different from traditional cross-border risk management model, create mechanisms and platforms to allow public to conduct public scrutiny. This study is expected to be able to disseminate risk knowledge of air pollution prevention and control through large-scale academic seminars, workshops, publications, etc., and to provide innovation and reform for the model and system of science and technology governance as reference.

Copyright © 2018. 風險社會與政策研究中心.Risk Society and Policy Research Center, National Taiwan University.